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SOME RECENT BOOKS 
ON INTERNATIONAL AFFAIRS 

By Harry Elmer Barnes 

General International Relations 
THE EXPANSION OF EUROPE. By Ramsay Muir. London: Constable, 1922, 
365 pp. 

A largely re-written edition of a standard work. Too much space is assigned to 
British achievements. 

EUROPE AND BEYOND. By J. A. R. Marriott. New York: Dutton, 1922, 

335 PP- 

An excellent brief survey of world politics since 1870, by a leading English publicist. 

PROBLEMI SOCIOLOGICI DELLA GUERRA. By C. Gini. Bologna: Zanichelli, 
1921, 390 pp. 

A volume of important essays, explaining wars as due primarily to pressure of 
population. 

ASPETTI SOCIALI ED ECONOMICI DELLAXGUERRAf MONDIALE. By 
Achille Loria. Milan: Vallardi, 1921, 458 pp. v T '7 J '.* "■ i 

A suggestive book by a well-known exponent of economic determinism. 

Foreign Relations of the United States 
THE CONTROL OF AMERICAN FOREIGN RELATIONS. By Quincy Wright. 
New York: Macmillan, 1922, 412 pp. 

A critical comparison of the powers and duties of governmental organs in foreign 
relations under international and constitutional law. A valuable supplement to 
Matthews' recent volume. 

LATIN AMERICA AND THE UNITED STATES. By Graham H. Stuart. New 
York: The Century Company, 1922, 404 pp. 

An excellent survey of the commercial and diplomatic factors involved in the 
recent relations of the United States with Latin America. 

LA POLITICA DE LOS ESTADOS UNIDOS EN EL CONTINENTE AMERI- 
CANO. By R. de CArdenas. Havana: Sociedad Editorial Cuba Contemporanea, 
1921, 284 pp. 

A remarkably charitable and sympathetic exposition of the growth of the United 
States as a world power. 

Europe 

CROSS-CURRENTS IN EUROPE TODAY. By Charles A. Beard. Boston: 
Marshall Jones, 1922, 278 pp. 

Probably the ablest analysis of European problems which has appeared from the 
pen of an American writer. 

THE STRUGGLE FOR POWER IN EUROPE. By L. Haden Guest. London: 
Hodder and Stoughton, 1922, 318 pp. 

An interesting and fairly judicious survey of post-war developments in Central 
and Eastern Europe. 

SOCIALIZATION IN THEORY AND PRACTICE. By H.IStrobel. London: 
King, 1922, 341 pp. 

An objective study of the principal socialistic experiments in Europe since 191 7. 
Especially valuable for the German socialization program. 



170 FOREIGN AFFAIRS 

LET FRANCE EXPLAIN. By F. Bausman. London: Allen and Unwin, 1922, 
260 pp. 

The most trenchant indictment of French and Russian imperialists which has yet 
appeared in English. 

LE LIVRE ROUGE AUSTRICHIEN DE 1919. By C. Jordan (Ed.). Paris: Costes, 
1922, 3 volumes. 

A valuable collection of documents from Austrian archives on responsibility for 
the World War. 

LES ORIGINES ET LES RESPONSABILITfiS DE LA GRANDE GUERRE. By 
E. Bourgeois and G. Pages. Paris: Hachette, 1922, 500 pp. 
An authoritative conventional interpretation. 

ENTENTE DIPLOMACY AND THE WORLD, 1909-1914. By B. De Siebert 
and G. A. Schreiner. New York: Putnam's, 1922, 762 pp. 

An important documentary revelation of Entente diplomatic policy. 

LE COMBAT DES TROIS. By Mermeix. Paris: Ollendorf, 1922, 308 pp. 

A survey of the diplomatic duel since 1918, which is interpreted as ending in an 
English victory. 

LA POLITIQUE RHENANE. DISCOURS PARLEMENTAIRES. By Maurice 
Barries. Paris: Bloud and Gay, 1922, 143 pp. 

Passionate parliamentary appeals for a French "national policy" in "La Rhenanie." 

HISTOIRE DE FRANCE CONTEMPORAINE. TOME NEUVIEME: LA 
GRANDE GUERRE. By E. Lavisse (Ed.). Paris: Hachette, 1922, 560 pp 

An important cooperative work by distinguished French historians. By far the 
best history of the war in the French language. 

FRENCH PUBLIC FINANCE. By Harvey E. Fisk. New York: Bankers Trust 
Company, 1922, 363 pp. 
A thorough study. 

HISTOIRE POLITIQUE. CHRONIQUE DE QUINZAINE. By Raymond 
Poincare. Paris: Plon, 1922, 299 pp. 

The fourth volume in the series. It gives the French Premier's views on the im- 
portant period which included the Conferences of Washington and Cannes. 

LA FRANCIA DEL DOPO-GUERRA E IL PROBLEMA DELLE RELAZIONI 
FRANCO-ITALIANE. By Rodolfo Foa. Milan: Societe d'editions Unitas, 1922. 
An analysis by an Italian journalist with keen perceptions. 

RECONSTRUCTION IN FRANCE. By William MacDonald. New York: The 
Macmillan Company, 1922, 349 pp. 

Gives many useful facts in readable form. 

THE WRECK OF EUROPE. By Francesco Nitti. Indianapolis: Bobbs-Merrill, 
1922, 294 pp. 

The American edition of the former Italian Prime Minister's attack on the peace 
settlement which, he thinks, placed cultured German peoples on a plane of mere 
equality with inferior barbarians such as Poles, Czechs and Serbians. 

MODERN ITALY. By T. Tittoni. New York: Macmillan, 1922, 236 pp. 

A general, not very interesting, survey of contemporary Italian civilization. 
Williamstown Lectures. 

BOLCEVISMO ITALIANO. By M. Pantaleoni. Bari: Laterza, 1922, 276 pp. 
An account of post-war radicalism. 



SOME RECENT BOOKS 171 

DAS SAARGEBIET UNTER DER HERRSCHAFT DES WAFFENSTILL- 
STANDSABKOMMENS UND DES VERTRAGS VON VERSAILLES. Berlin: 
Stilke, 1921, 362 pp. 

An important collection of articles, speeches, despatches and newspaper notices. 

THE ECONOMIC RESOURCES OF AUSTRIA. By K. Hudeczek. London: 
Dawson, 1922, 74 pp. 
A brief compilation. 

THE CZECHOSLOVAK REPUBLIC. By J. Cisar and F. Pokorny. London: 
Fisher Unwin, 1922, 276 pp. 
An excellent handbook. 

POLAND REBORN. By Ray Devereux. New York: Dutton, 1922, 256 pp. 

An interesting discussion of post-war Poland, chiefly valuable because of the 
scarcity of English works on this subject. 

DISMEMBERED HUNGARY. By L. Buday. Budapest, 1922, 288 pp. 
A Magyar historia calamitatum. 

EMINENT EUROPEANS. By Eugene S. Bagger. New York: Putnam's, 1922, 
283 pp. 

Character studies of ten contemporary European personalities, some of them im- 
portant, some unimportant but none the less interesting. 

THE A. B. C. OF COMMUNISM. A POPULAR EXPLANATION OF THE PRO- 
GRAMME OF THE COMMUNIST PARTY OF RUSSIA. By N. Buharin and 
E. Preobrazhinsky. London: Communist Party of England, 1922, 422 pp. 
Probably the most comprehensive apologia in English. 

THE RUSSIAN TURMOIL. By A. J. Denikin. London: Hutchinson, 1922, 344 pp. 
Memoirs of the Anti-Bolshevik leader. 

LA DETTE PUBLIQUE DE LA RUSSIE. By A. Raffalovitch, P. Apostol, A. 
Michelson, M. Bernatzky and W. Novitsky. Paris: Payot, 1922, 240 pp. 
Data on the fiscal history of contemporary Russia. 

LA RECONSTITUCION DE EUROPA Y LA RUSIA DE LOS SOVIETS. By 
Andres Revesz. Madrid: Biblioteca Internacional, 1922. 

Interesting comments of an eminent Spanish publicist on the Genoa and The 
Hague Conferences. 

THE SECOND YEAR OF THE LEAGUE OF NATIONS. By H. W. V. Temperley. 
London: Hutchinson, 1922, 223 pp. 

A summary of the problems and achievements of the League. 

THE GENOA CONFERENCE. By J. Saxon Mills. London: Hutchinson, 1922, 
436 pp. 

The policies and activities of Lloyd George at the Conference described in eulo- 
gistic fashion. The volume contains some valuable documents. 

REPARATIONS, TRADE AND FOREIGN EXCHANGE. By L. L. B. Angas. 
London: King, 1922, 351 pp. 

A criticism of the indemnity policy with a consideration of its relation to in- 
flation, the dumping of goods and unemployment. 

LA CRISE. HIER-AUJOURD'HUI-DEMAIN. (LES DOCUMENTS DU 
TEMPS.) By J. F. A. B. Paris: Stock, 1922, 190 pp. 5th ed. 

The author concludes that the world's economic recuperation will come from peace 
in Europe and the reconstruction of the European market, rather than in the search 
for new markets. 



172 FOREIGN AFFAIRS 

The British Empire 

THE FISCAL AND DIPLOMATIC FREEDOM OF THE BRITISH OVERSEAS 
DOMINIONS. By Edward Porritt. Oxford: Clarendon, 1922, 492 pp. 

A survey of the development of fiscal and administrative independence in the self- 
governing dominions, published under the auspices of the Carnegie Endowment for 
International Peace. 

THE ORGANIZATION OF A BRITANNIC PARTNERSHIP. By R. A. East- 
wood. New York: Longmans, 1922, 148 pp. 

A contribution to the understanding of the British Empire's problems. 

LTRLANDE ET LA SOCIETfi DES NATIONS. By Francisque Gay. Paris: 
Bloud and Gay, 1921, 164 pp. 

The author believes "Ireland would be infallibly assured her liberty" by adopting 
a policy of "pacific work" rather than by the catastrophic policy of the past. 

THE POLITICAL INSTITUTIONS AND THEORIES OF THE HINDUS. By 
B. K. Sarkar. Leipzig: Verlag von Markert und Petters, 1922, 242 pp. 

A stimulating survey containing frequent comparisons with the institutions of 
Western Europe. 

GANDHI AND ANARCHY. By C. Sankaran Nair. Madras : Tagore, 1922, 262 pp. 
An Indian publicist's critical analysis. 

The Near East 

THE WESTERN QUESTION IN TURKEY AND GREECE. By Arnold J. 
Toynbee. London: Constable, 1922, 420 pp. 

An indispensable book, stressing the growing Oriental impatience with Western 
interference, and indicating the disastrous results of Allied bungling in the Near East. 

SPEAKING OF THE TURKS. By Mufty-Zade K. Zia Bey. New York: Duffield, 
1922, 271 pp. 

A young Turk, resident ten years in the United States, goes back to Constanti- 
nople and describes the changes since the war in Turkish habits and outlook. 

A HISTORY OF THE BALKAN PENINSULA FROM THE EARLIEST TIMES 
TO THE PRESENT DAY. By Ferdinand Schevill. New York: Harcourt, 1922, 
558 PP- 

The most up-to-date and reliable history of the Balkans in the English language. 

LES ALLlfiS ET LA CRISE ORIENTALE. By E. Nicol. Paris: L'Edition Uni- 
verselle, 1922. 

A timely work. 

LA CICILIE ET LE PROBLEME OTTOMAN. By Pierre Redan. Paris: 
Gauthier-Villars, 1921, 144 pp. 

An argument for a more vigorous French policy in the Levant. 

LA RELEVEMENT fiCONOMIQUE DE LA GRECE. By E. J. Tsouderos. 
Paris: Berger-Levrault, 1920, 254 pp. 

The author describes the economic resources and problems of contemporary Greece. 

LA MORT DE NOTRE CHERE FRANCE EN ORIENT. By Pierre Loti. 
Paris: Calmann-Leby, 1920, 295 pp. 

A violent criticism of Anglo-Greek policies in the Near East since 1918. 
France, M. Loti argues, is the logical champion of the Turks. 

THE HEART OF ARABIA. By St. J. B. Philby. ^London : Constable, 1922, 2 
volumes, 386, 354 pp. 

A work on contemporary Arabia and its international problems. 



SOME RECENT BOOKS 173 

Africa 

THE SECRET HISTORY OF THE ENGLISH OCCUPATION OF EGYPT. By 

W. S. Blunt. New York: Knopf, 1922, 416 pp. 
A piece of inside history. 

THE SUDAN IN EVOLUTION. By Percy F. Martin. London: Constable, 1921, 

557 PP- 

A comprehensive work on the development of this area in recent times. 

EDUCATION IN AFRICA. By Thomas J. Jones (Ed.). New York: Phelps-Stokes 
Fund, 1922. 

A thorough study by American investigators of African needs in primary and 
secondary education, and in training in agriculture, trades, medicine and religion. 

The Far East 

THE RISING TEMPER OF THE EAST. By Frazier Hunt. Indianapolis : Bobbs- 
Merrill Company, 1922, 247 pp. 

A vivid, but impressionistic, sketch of the rise of democratic and nationalistic 
sentiment in the Far East. Written in sympathetic mood. 

THE INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT OF CHINA. By Sun Yat Sen. New 
York: Putnam's, 1922, 265 pp. 

A plea that "the vast resources of China be developed internationally under a 
socialistic scheme." The author looks upon the Chinese problem as chiefly economic. 

CHINA AWAKENED. By M. T. Z. Tyau. New York: Macmillan, 1922, 475 pp. 
A somewhat indiscriminate catalogue of recent changes in Chinese civilization due 
to Occidental influences. 

THE SHANTUNG QUESTION. By Ge-Zay Wood. New York: Revell, 1922, 
372 pp. 

A moderate work from the Chinese point of view, reprinting valuable documents. 

WAR AND ARMAMENT LOANS OF JAPAN. By M. Kobayashi. Oxford: 
Clarendon, 1922, 221 pp. 
A compilation. 

Latin America 

HISTORY OF THE LATIN AMERICAN NATIONS. By W. S. Robertson. New 
York: D. Appleton, 1922, 615 pp. 

A substantial work, devoted mainly to political and diplomatic events. 
THE NEW LATIN AMERICA. By J. Warshaw. New York: Crowell, 1922, 415 pp. 

A survey of contemporary Latin American civilization with the emphasis on 
economic factors. 

Miscellaneous 

THE NORTHWARD COURSE OF EMPIRE^ By Vilhjalmur Stefansson. New 
York: Harcourt, 1922, 274 pp. 

A suggestive work on the colonial possibilities of the Arctic and sub-Arctic areas. 
THE TREND OF HISTORY. By W. K. Wallace. New York: Macmillan, 1922, 
372 PP- 

A suggestive review of certain phases of national and international politics during 
the last century. 

THE WORLD AT THE CROSS-ROADS. By B. L. Brasol. London: Hutchinson, 
1922, 409 pp. 

Verbose and prejudiced discussions.